Article | . Vol. 19, Issue. 4
Effects of general and oral health on quality of life in the elderly living alone and with family



Department of Dental Hygiene, Cheongam College1




.. 577:589


PDF XML




Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of general and oral health on quality of life in the elderly living alone and with family. Methods: We analyzed data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Distribution of the elderly living alone and with family based on the general characteristics and general and oral health was analyzed using complex-sample chi-square tests. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the factors affecting quality of life by calculating the 95% confidence intervals. Results: In the elderly living alone, the quality of life significantly correlated with restriction of activity, perceived general and oral health status, perceived stress, and speech difficulties. Further, in the elderly living with family, lower quality of life significantly correlated with restriction of activity, perceived health status, walking days per week, life time smoking history, Community Periodontal Index, and chewing and speech difficulties. Conclusions: The elderly are concerned with self-maintenance of general and oral health. Therefore, systematic policies related to health services need to be developed and operated at the national level. It is especially necessary to take social interest in the elderly living alone and a more continuous and professional approach in their health care.



1. Statistics Korea. 2018 elderly people statistics[Internet]. Statistics Korea; 2018.[cited 2019 Jan 25]. Available from:http://kostat.go.kr/portal/korea/kor_nw/1/6/1/index.board?bmode=read&aSeq=370779  

2. Ministry of Health and Welfare. 3rd plan for ageing society and population [Internet]. Sejong: Ministry of Health and Welfare 2016.[cited 2019 Jan 25]. Available from:http://www.mohw.go.kr/front_new/jb/sjb030301vw.jsp? PAR_MENU_ID=03&MENU_ID=0319&CONT_SEQ=334597&page=1  

3. Ministry of Health and Welfare. 2016 elderly healthy welfare project guide [Internet]. Sejong: Ministry of Health and Welfare 2016.[cited 2019 Jan 25]. Available from:http://www.mohw.go.kr/front_new/jb/sjb030301vw.jsp? PAR_MENU_ID=03&MENU_ID=0320&CONT_SEQ=330771&page=1  

4. [4] Statistics Korea. 2017 Life tables for Korea[Internet]. Statistics Korea; 2018.[cited 2019 Jan 25]. Available from: http://kostat.go.kr/portal/korea/kor_nw/1/2/7/index.board?bmode=read&aSeq=371860  

5. Kang BW, Kang HK, Kim KY, Kim KS, Kim DH, Kim SY, et al. Preventive dentistry. 1st ed. Komoonsa; 2016: 345-7.  

6. Kim GR. Home care nursing needs of welfare solitude elderly person in Pusan city. J Korean Acad Nurs 2000;30(2):425-36.  

7. Ministry Health Welfare. 2016 Korea national health and nutrition examination survey. Seoul: Ministry Health Welfare; 2016: 61.  

8. Kimura Y, Ogawa H, Yoshihara A, Yamaga T, Takiguchi T, Wada T, et al. Evaluation of chewing ability and its relationship with activities of daily living, depression, cognitive status and food intake in the community-dwelling elderly. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2013;13(3):718-25. https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.12006  

9. Kang HC. A study on comparison of Yangseng(traditional health behavior), depression, anxiety and cognitive function between the elderly women living alone and the aged in the living with family. J Oriental Neuropsychiatry 2014;25(2):123-32.  

10. Fukunaga R, Abe Y, Nakagawa Y, Koyama A, Fujise N, Ikeda M. Living alone is associated with depression among the elderly in a rural community in Japan. Psychogeriatrics 2012;12(3):179-85. [11] Kim EK. Age difference in factors associated with health-related quality of life among elderly. J Korean Data Analysis Soc 2017;19(5):2807-23.  

11.  Kim EK. Age difference in factors associated with health-related quality of life among elderly. J Korean Data Analysis Soc 2017;19(5):2807-23.  

12. Elizabeth KT. Recognizing late-life depression: why is this important for nurses in the home setting? Geriatr Nurs 2005;26(3):145-9.   

13. Jung HY, Roh SH. A study on factors influencing elderly suicidal ideation: focused on the mediating effects of depression and stress on suicidal ideation. J Korean Gerontological Soc 2007;27(4):789-805.  

14. Kim J, Choi Y, Park S, Cho KH, Ju YJ, Park EC. The impact of living arrangements on quality of life among Korean elderly: findings from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging(2006–2012). Qual Life Res 2017;26(5):1303-14.  

15. Statistics Korea. Korea's Social Trends 2018[Internet]. Statistics Korea; 2018. [cited 2019 Mar 09]. Available from:http://kostat.go.kr/portal/korea/kor_nw/1/15/index.board?bmode=read&aSeq=372006  

16. Lee DH. The effects of quality of life in the elderly's health condition. J Korean Gerontological Soc 2010;30(1):93-108.  

17. Kang HC. A study on comparison of Yangseng (traditional health behavior), depression, anxiety and cognitive function between the elderly women living alone and the aged in the living with family. J Oriental Neuropsychiatry 2014;25(2):123-32.  

18. Choi YH, Kim SH. Suicidal ideation and related factors according to depression in older adults. J Korea Gerontological Soc 2008;28(2):345-55.   

19. Moon SM. Gender differences in the impact of socioeconomic, health-related, and health behavioral factors on the health-related quality of life of the Korean elderly. J Digital Convergence 2017;15(6):259-71. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.6.259  

20. Statistics Korea. Prevalence of periodontal disease[Internet]. Statistics Korea; 2015. [cited 2019 Mar 19]. Available from:http://kosis.kr/statHtml/statHtml.do?orgId=117&tblId=DT_11702_N107.  

21. Maida CA, Marcus M, Spolsky VW, Wang Y, Liu H. Socio-behavioral predictors of self-reported oral health-related quality of life. Qual Life Res 2013;22(3):559-66.   



online submission
online submission
online submission
online submission
online submission
Sub Menu
Sub Banner
Sub Menu
Sub Banner
Sub Banner
Sub Banner
Sub Banner
Sub Menu
Sub Menu