Department of BT-Convergent Pharmaceutical Engineering, Sunmoon University1
Department of Life Science and Biochemical Engineering, Graduate School, Sunmoon University2
Department of Dental Hygiene, GangneungYeongdong University3
Objectives: Pleurotus eryngii is used both for edible and medicinal purposes, and has a physiological activity. The purpose of this study is to investigate the antibacterial effect of Pleurotus eryngii against six oral pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus criceti, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus ratti, Streptococcus sobrinus, and Actinomyces viscosus). Methods: The antibacterial activities of various extracts of Pleurotus eryngii were examined by disc diffusion assay and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The disc diffusion assay was performed by putting a paper disc soaked in extracts on plates inoculated bacterial cultures. The MIC of these extracts was determined by using a broth microdilution assay at a concentration ranging between 0.03 mg/ml to 15.00 mg/ml. The growth inhibition effect of extracts was measured at 600 nm for 24 hrs. Results: The antibacterial activity was confirmed against all six tested bacteria at Pleurotus eryngii ethyl acetate extract by the disc diffusion method. Acetone extract showed the antibacterial activity only against 4 strains containing Streptococcus criceti, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus ratti, and Actinomyces viscosus. In ethanol extract, no activity was observed against other strains except Staphylococcus aureus. MIC values of ethyl acetate extract were the same, 7.50 mg/ml in all tested bacteria. Conclusions: Pleurotus eryngii exhibited the antibacterial activity against oral pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus criceti, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus ratti, Streptococcus sobrinus, and Actinomyces viscosus). Thus, Pleurotus eryngii may be considered as a natural antibacterial agent for treatment of dental diseases.