Department of Dental Hygiene, Howon University1
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of dental hygienists on CPR, their CPR attitude and performance ability in an effort to offer data that can contribute to the development of a more effective CPR education program. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 234 dental hygienists in Jeollanam and Jeollabukdo from February 24 to May 20, 2017. The questionnaire asked dental hygienists of the knowledge, attitude, performance ability in regards to CPR. The data were analyzed using SPSS Window ver. 19.0 program through independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, chi-square test and multiple regression analysis. The Cronbach alpha of their CPR knowledge was 0.78, and that of attitude to CPR was 0.79. The Cronbach alpha of CPR performance ability was 0.96. Results: The dental hygienists surveyed in this study who were aware of CPR accounted for 88.9% of total subjects. Dental hygienists who were certified in CPR accounted for 20.5% of total subjects. They received a score of 7.66 on CPR knowledge, 3.33 on attitude and 2.61 on performance ability. There was a positive correlation between the knowledge and attitude, between the knowledge and performance ability and between the attitude and performance ability (r=0.332, r=0.461, r=0.426). A regression analysis showed that the dental hygienists who were younger, who graduated from a four-year university or a higher educational institution, who were CPR certificate holders, who received more CPR education, who were cognizant of automated external defibrillator, who were more knowledgeable on CPR and who took a more positive attitude were more likely to be affected in terms of CPR performance. Conclusions: The dental hygienists surveyed were aware of CPR on the whole, but their CPR knowledge, attitude and performance were not sufficient to perform CPR in emergency situations. More intensive education should be provided for dental hygienists to have an accurate knowledge of CPR to carry it out with a positive attitude.
1. Shin HY, Hong HS. Development of cardiopulmonary resuscitation nursing education program of web-based instruction. J Korean Biol Nurs Sci 2002;4(1):25-39.
2. Statistics Korea. Korea statistical information system (KOSIS), statistics DB, mortality and causes of death statistics 2015[Internet].[cited 2017 July 19]. Available from: http://kosis.kr/ ups/ups_01List.jsp
3. Choi GS, Kwon HR. Knowledge and performance ability of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by college students. J Korean Soc Emerg Med 2005;13(1):115-27.
4. Kim ME, Kim HK, Lee CH, Lee ML. Educational effect of CPR training in department of dental hygiene students. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2016;16(6):1067-78. https://doi.org/10.13065/ jksdh.2016.16.06.1067
5. Ryoo JH, Jeong KU, Wee JS, Moon JM, Jun BJ, Moon OS, et al. Anslysis of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in ward of tertiary hospital. J Korean Soc Emerg Med 2001;12(4):369-78.
6. Seo KS, Lee JM, Cho KA, Kim HJ, Shin TJ, Hyun HK, et al. The survey and evaluation of CPR skill in dental students. J Korean Dent Soc Anesthestology 2012;12(4):209-14.
7. Song KH. A study on dental emergency experiences among dental hygienists in the region of J. J Korean Acad Dent Hyg 2010;12(3):199-222.
8. Park KY. The influences of high school seniors’ knowledge and attitudes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation on their performing willingness. J Korean Data Analysis Soc 2011;13(5):2501-12.
9. Inwood H. Knowledge of resuscitation. Intensive Crit Care Nurse 1996;12(1):33-9.
10. Cho HY. Analysis of nurses’ attitude toward basic life support and influencing factors[Master’s thesis]. Seoul: Univ. of Yonsei, 2008.
11. Lee JH. The hospital staff’s CPR knowledge, attitudes, and ability to perform[Master’s thesis]. Busan: Univ. of Inje, 2012.
12. Cho KA. The survey of dentists: updated knowledge about basic life support and experiences of dental emergency[Master’s thesis]. Seoul: Univ. of Seoul National, 2013.
13. Kang BW. Factors affecting the survivals of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests[Doctoral dissertation]. Seoul: Univ. of Seoul National, 2005.
14. Park SS, Jang GW, Hwang MY. Perception, attitude and knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dental hygiene students. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2013;13(6):1079-86. https:// doi.org/10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.06.1079
15. Jeong KY, Ha MO. Knowledge and attitude toward cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dental hygienists. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2014;14(5):703-13. https://doi.org/10.13065/jksdh.2014. 14.05.703
16. Ryu DY. Survey on the first-aid and emergency medical equipment with the perception and use in dental hygienists. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2012;12(6):1111-8.
17. Noh HJ, Bae SS. Knowledge and ability toward CPR in metropolitan dental hygienists. J Korean Soc Emerg Med 2012;23(4):479-85.
18. Oh SI, Han SS. A study on the sustainable effects of reeducation on cardiopulmonary resuscitation on nurses’ knowledge and skills. J Korean Acad Nurs 2008;38(3):383-92.
19. Park JW, Sung CM, Cho YS, Choi YH, Park IC, Kim SH. The retraining effect and retention of CPR skill in medical students. J Korean Soc Emerg Med 2006;17(1):8-13.
20. Park SH, Choi HJ, Kang BS, Im TH, Yeom SR. A study assessing the knowledge and attitude of first responders about cardiopulmonary resuscitation. J Korean Soc Emerg Med 2006;17(6): 545-58.
21. Jeong KY, Cho MJ. Analysis of attitude and influencing factors toward basic life support in the dental hygienists. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2015;15(5):873-80. https://doi.org/10.13065/jksdh. 2015.15.05.873
22. Lee WW, Cho GC, Choi SH, Ryu JY, You JY, You KC. The effect of basic life support education on laypersons’ willingness and self-confidence in performing bystander cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. J Korean Soc Emerg Med 2009;20:505-9.
23. Kim MH, Lee ES, Jeon SE. Knowledge, attitude and performance ability of automated external defibrillator and cardiopulmonary resuscitation among Korean university students. Korea Acad- Indust Coop Soc 2016;17(2):156-63. https://doi.org/10.5762/Kais.2016.17.2.156
24. Jin SM. The public perception and importance of public education and information about automated external defibrillator (AED) [Master’s thesis]. Daegu: Univ. of Kyungpook National, 2013.
25. Sim HH, Tae YS. Factors influencing cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills in nursing students. J Korean Soc for School & Community Health Edu 2015:16(2):1-15.
26. Hwang SH. Knowledge, attitude, confidence, and experiences of community health practitioner regarding cardiopulmonart resuscitation. J Korean Soc Emerg Med 2014;18(1):55-66.
27. Haas DA. Preparing dental office staff members for emergencies: developing a basic action plan. J Am Dent Assoc 2010;141(S1):8S-13S.