Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Shinhan University1
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of preventive treatment experience on scaling fear level. Methods: A total of 259 adults who had visited the dental clinic were analyzed. The results were summarized as follows. Statistical analysis of the collected data was performed using the SPSS WIN 20.0 statistical program. The general characteristics, scaling experience, and the characteristics of the subjects were analyzed. Frequency of scaling according to general characteristics was analyzed by independent sample t-test, Scaling fears according to treatment experience were tested by t-test. Correlation analysis was performed for scaling fears according to the reliability of dental hygienist. Regression analysis was carried out to investigate factors affecting scaling fear. Results: Level of fear during scaling was higher in females (3.03) than in males (2.54) and that after scaling was scored higher in females (2.68) than in males (2.34) by general characteristics (p<0.001). The adults who were not healthy in oral health showed the highest levels of fear during (3.29) and after (3.00) scaling by oral health status (p<0.001). Adults who had brushing education experience showed lower fear level than those who did not after scaling (p<0.01) according to the experiences of preventive treatments. With respect to the correlation of trust level to the dental hygienists with the scaling fears, it showed higher in the trust level (-0.688) as lower level of scaling fear (-0.642) in the scaling (p<0.01). Confidence level of dental hygienist (-0.661), brushing education experience (-0.121), and oral health status (-0.121) were influenced upon the regression analysis. Conclusions: Oral health education and dental hygiene education are increasing. It is thought that active efforts are needed to promote and maintain oral health.
1. Kim CO. A Study on the experience of the preventive dental services and the degree of dental fear[Master’s thesis]. Gyeonggi: Univ. of Dankook, 2013.
2. Ahn JH. Relationship between dentist’s concern for preventive dental care and characteristics of practice[Master’s thesis]. Cheonan: Univ. of Namseoul, 2016.
3. Cheon SY, Won BY. Affecting factors to oral scaling experience of the part worker. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2011;11(1):1-11.
4. McGrath C, Bedi R. A study of the impact of oral health on the quality of life of older people in the UK-findings from a national survey. Gerodontology(GER) 1998;15(2):93-8.
5. Ju OJ, Park CS. The influence of pain experience upon dental fear. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2013;13(6):987-93. https://doi.org/10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.06.987
6. Lim SH, Lee CS, Han JH, Oh HY, Hwang JM. Dental fear factor analysis in dental clinic patients. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2013;13(4):553-60. https://doi.org/10.13065/iksdh.2013.13. 4.553
7. Cho MS, Yi SJ. Development of measurement scale for Korean scaling fear-1.1. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2012;12(4):675-84.
8. Grant DA, Lie T, Clark SM, Pain and discomfort levels in patients during root surface debridement with sonic metal or plastic inserts. J Perio 1993;64(7):645-50.
9. De Jongh A, Stouthard MEA, Anxiety about dental hygienist treatment. Commun Dent Oral Epidemiol 1993;21(2):91-5.
10. Park MS, Nam YS. A survey study on oral health care according to appearance of experiencing dental treatment: focusing on the capital region of Korea. J Eurasian Studies 2010;17(3): 295-311.
11. Myeong S. Effect of the oral health education on the satisfaction of patients for scaling and their intentions to re-visit the hospital[Master’s thesis]. Gyeonggi: Univ. of Dankook, 2012.
12. Kim MJ. Scaling fear and its related factors among adults[Master’s thesis]. Gimhae: Univ. of Inje, 2014.
13. Kleinknecht RA. Klepac RK, Alexander LD. Origins and characteristics of fear of dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc 1973;86(4):842-8.
14. Cho MS, Lee SK. Development of measurement scale for korean scaling fear-1.0 and related factors. J Dent Hyg Sci 2009;9(3):327-38.
15. Lee KH, Kim SR, Gu JH, Kim CJ, Choi DH. Relationship between dental fear and subjective oral health related quality of life. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2015;15(4):695-703. https://doi. org/10.13065/jksdh.2015.15.04.695
16. Kim SK, Kim MH, Choi HJ, Hwang JG. Related factors to dental fear in some adults. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2014;14(6):881-6. https://doi.org/10.13065/jksdh.2014.14.06.881
17. Jun SH, Jung MH. Effect of dental fear on dental use behavior and treatment need degree. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2007;7(3):329-42.
18. Yoon HS, Park JH. Relationship between subjective oral health recognition and dental fear in dental clinic patients. J Korea Cont Assoc 2012;12(6):371-9.
19. Moon SJ, Park JH, Choi YC, Choi SC. The study of changes in oral health care of preschoolers in Taebaek city through oral hygiene education. J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent 2009;36(1):71-7.